Understand the Architecture

Understand the Architecture
Understand the Architecture | Architecture is born out of the dynamics between needs (needs a conducive environmental conditions, security, etc), and how (the available building materials and construction technology). Prehistoric and primitive architecture is the initial stage of this dynamism. Then people became more developed and knowledge began to form through oral traditions and practices, architecture blossomed into skills. At this stage there is a trial process, improvisation, or impersonation so that it becomes a successful result. An architect at that time was not an important figure, he simply continued the tradition. Vernacular architecture is born out of such an approach and is still practiced in many parts of the world.

Human settlements in the past were essentially rural. Then there is a surplus of production, so that the community rural urban society evolved into. Study and building complexity also increases. Technology of construction of public facilities such as roads and bridges were developed. A typology of new buildings such as schools, hospital, and recreational facilities emerged. Religious architecture remains an important part in society. Architectural styles developed, and papers on architecture began to appear. These papers into a set of rules (Canon) to be followed especially in the development of religious architecture. Examples of this include the Canon papers by Vitruvius, Vaastu Shastra or from ancient India. In the classical period and the middle ages in Europe, the building is not the work of individual architects, but professional associations (guild) was formed by the artisan skill building/experts to organize the project.

During the Enlightenment, the humanities and the emphasis on the individual becomes more important than religion, and became a new beginning in the architecture. Construction assigned to individual architects – Michelangelo, Brunelleschi, Leonardo da Vinci – and the cult of the individual had begun. But at that moment, there is no clear division of tasks between artists, architects, and engineers or other work areas. At this stage, an artist can design a bridge because the calculation structure in it still is common.

Concurrently with the incorporation of knowledge from various fields of Science (e.g. engineering), and the emergence of new building materials and technologies, shifting its focus from an architect technical aspects towards building aesthetics. Then the presidential "priyayi architect" who usually deal with bouwheer (client) is rich and concentrated on visual elements in a form that refers to the historical examples. In the 19th century, the Ecole des Beaux Arts in France to train would-be architect creates sketches-sketch and pretty pictures without stressing the context.

Meanwhile, the industrial revolution opened the door for public consumption, so that aesthetics be the size that can be achieved even by the middle class. Formerly ornamental products limited aesthetical within the scope of an expensive skills, become affordable through mass production. Such products do not have the beauty and honesty in the expression of a production process.

Discontent against such a situation at the beginning of the 20th century gave birth to the underlying thoughts of Modern architecture, among other things, the Deutscher Werkbund (formed 1907) that produces objects made by machines with better quality is the point of inception of the profession in the field of industrial design. After that, the Bauhaus school (formed in Germany in 1919) rejected the past history and choose to see architecture as a synthesis of the arts, skills, and technologies.

When Modern architecture began to be practiced, it is a movement of the front guard on the basis of the moral, philosophical, and aesthetic. Truth sought by rejecting history and turned to the function which gives birth to forms. The architect then becomes an important figure and dubbed as "master". Then modern architecture into the scope of mass production because of its simplicity and economic factors.

However, the general public feel any drop in quality in the modern architecture in the 1960s, inter alia because of lack of meaning, infertility, ugliness, uniformity, as well as their psychological impacts. Most architects respond through the post-modern Architecture by crafting a more acceptable public on the visual level, although at the expense of depth. Robert Venturi argued that "huts decorated/decorated shed" (an ordinary building which his interior designed functionally while its exterior was given the decoration) is better than a "duck/duck" (a building in which both form and function become one). This became the basis of the opinion of the Venturi approach of post-modern Architecture.
Most other architects (and also non-architects) replied by pointing out what they think of as the root of the problem. They felt that architecture was not a personal philosophical or aesthetic poaching by individuals, but rather the architecture must consider human needs on a daily basis and using technology to achieve an environment that can be occupied. Design Methodology Movement involving people like Chris Jones or Christopher Alexander started looking for a more inclusive process in the design, in order to get better results. Peneilitian deep in a variety of areas such as behavioral, environmental, and Humanities conducted for the Foundation design process.

At the same time with the increasing complexity of building, architecture is becoming more multi-disciplinary than ever before. This now requires a set of architecture professionals in normal use. This is the State of the profession of architect. Nevertheless, individual architects are still preferred and sought in designing a meaningful symbol of building culture. For example, a museum stylistic experimentation of land becomes senirupa dekonstruktivis right now, but tomorrow might be something else.

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